The Gospel of John
A Bible Study

John's Gospel is strikingly different from the other three. It is the last to be written (probably around the year 90 AD). It seems to assume that the readers already know the facts about Jesus' life. John supplements the other accounts, and concentrates on interpreting and bringing out the meaning of what took place.

A gospel is not a biography concerning Jesus' life. John selects from Jesus' many miracles certain "signs" which show most clearly who He was. Everything he writes is subordinated to the main aim of bringing the reader to faith (Jn.20:30-31) He records mainly what Jesus said-especially about Himself, in a style very different from Matthew, the other gospel which contain many of Jesus' sayings.

There are no parables in John. Most of the events recorded take place in and around Jerusalem at the various festivals. It may well be that Jesus adopted a different teaching method for the nation's capital city and theological center. The keynote of John's Gospel is Jesus as the Messiah and Jesus as the Son of God.

John the author refers to himself simply as "the other disciple" or "the disciple which Jesus loved" (21:20,24). He is one of the Twelve, and one of those closest to Jesus and also to Peter. These facts and the fact that this Gospel makes no mention of the apostle John and describes the Baptist simply as "John" makes it likely that he is himself John, the son of Zebedee, brother of James, and business partner of Peter and Andrew.

The early church certainly thought so of John and taught that the aged apostle wrote or dictated this "spiritual" Gospel from Ephesus in present day Turkey. John may have been Jesus' cousin as his mother Salome was Mary's sister (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40; John 10:25)

The Capernaum fishing business must have been a flourishing one, as the household had hired servants, and a house in Jerusalem. So much for the thought that the early disciples of Jesus were poor people. If the "other disciple" of 18:15-16 is John it may have been through the business that John was acquainted with the high priest (John 18:15-16). He may also be the unnamed disciple of John the Baptist referred to in John 1:35, 40.

John and James (nicknamed by Jesus as "sons of thunder" with Peter were the leaders of the Twelve and later of the Jerusalem church. They were the inner circle of three who were allowed to see Jesus transfigured, who saw Him restore Jairus' daughter to life, and who were near Him in the garden of Gethsemane. Jesus committed His own mother to John's care as they stood near the cross. It was not given to many to know Jesus as closely as John did!

John 1:1-18 "The Prologue"

John begins his gospel with a tremendous statement about Jesus Christ: on these truths his own case rests. In Him (the Word) God speaks to man. He is the most perfect and complete expression of the Person of God we can ever know. He is far and away above all humanity--God's executive in creation.

When God spoke (Genesis 1) his Word brought life itself into existence. It was this Supreme Being who became man, the man we know as Jesus Christ. His life shone out-and still shines against the darkness of a world which failed to recognize Him.

To individuals who give Him their allegiance He makes available all God's loving forgiveness (grace vs.16). By this grace he makes a new, transformed life possible (see vs.12)

1:6 John the Baptist (see Luke 1; Matthew 3; Mark 1) John is the herald sent by God to tell people of the coming Christ and prepare for His arrival.

1:14 John may be thinking especially of the transfiguration-the time when he and Peter and James saw something of Jesus' supernatural splendor
(Matthew 17:1-8).

John 1:19-2:12 "The Early Days"

[1] John the Baptist identifies Jesus as the Messiah 1:19-24

John's dramatic preaching attracted much attention. But he directs it away from himself. He is not the Messiah. Nor will he admit to being the predicted second Elijah (Malachi 4:5). Nor is he the prophet like Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15)

In contrast, Jesus leaves us in no doubt that this prediction was realized in John. Jesus sees John as the last great prophet one who was more important then Elijah or Moses or any other prophet from the Old Testament. (see Matthew 17:10-13)

As soon as God has shown John the Messiah John directs these men to Jesus (vv.32-34)

1:29 The Lamb of God This is a phrase from the Old Testament sacrifices. (Leviticus 4:32-35; Isaiah 53:4-12) Sin puts every individual under the sentence
of death. This meant separation from God.

In the Old Testament God accepted the death of an animal as a substitute for the death of a person. Further sin meant repeated sacrifices. Jesus was to die to give His life once and for all. Sacrificed like a lamb for human sin meant that all the sin throughout the ages would be atoned for.

[2] Jesus' first followers 1:35-51

At John's words, two of his followers heave him for Jesus- Andrew, the fisherman (see also 6:8-9; 12:22) and an unnamed follower, possibly the apostle John!

This news is too good not to share; so first Andrew brings Peter, and then Philip (see also 6:6; 12:21; 14:8) brings the intellectual Nathanael.

1:39 It seems likely, judging by 19:14, that John uses the Roman (and modern) method of reckoning the hours of the day. In this case the time here would be
10 a.m.

1:42 The words "Cephas" and "Peter" both mean "the rock man".

1:48 Nathanael was following the Jewish custom of meditating on the Scriptures under his fig-tree. It seems likely, from Jesus' words in verse 51, that he was
thinking about Jacob's dream of a stairway between heaven and earth (Gen.28;12) Jesus is himself a "ladder" giving man access to God.

1:51 The Son of Man This is Jesus' favorite description of Himself. The title was one applied to the coming Messiah (Daniel 7:13-14)

[3] Jesus at the wedding 2:1-12

Jesus' first miracle has a traditional setting. The wedding festivities lasted several days, and when the wine ran out the bridegroom (who footed the bill) must have been highly embarrassed.

This is the first of seven "signs" selected by John. All seven of these signs have a purpose. They actively support the claims Jesus made, and are intended to lead the reader to faith.

Here the new wine of the Gospel is contrasted with the water of the old faith (see verse 6). Jesus had come to bring something really new.

2:1 Cana Nathanael's home town (21:2) a few miles north-east of Nazareth.

2:4 No one, not even His mother, has the right to put pressure on Jesus. But His reply is not as harsh as some translations put it. New English Bible says
‘Your concern, mother, is not mine.’

2:5 The water pots were there for the ritual washing of the hands and utensils.

John 2:13-3:36 "Jesus' Public Ministry Begins: Jerusalem"

[1] Jesus ejects the traders from the temple 2:13-25

John places this at the beginning of Jesus' ministry, the other Gospels at the end. Jesus may, of course, have turned the traders out of the temple on more then one occasion. It seems more likely that John overrules strict chronology for more important considerations.

The incident illustrates the dishonesty, hypocrisy and prejudice at the heart of Israel's religious life. It makes us see that a head on clash between Jesus and the religious authorities is inevitable!

2:13 Passover See Matthew 26:14-29

2:20-21 The temple was in a special sense the place of God's presence. The closest man could come to God himself was at the temple. With the coming of
Jesus all of this changes. This is why Jesus could accurately describe Himself as "The Temple of God!"

[2] The interview with Nicodemus 3:1-21

Nicodemus comes secretly; later her comes out openly on the side of Christ (7:50-51; 19:39). Men need an entirely new spiritual re-birth in order to enter God's kingdom. The new age Jesus was announcing was not to be bound by the old cycle of physical birth and death. It was to be a radical new beginning, a new quality of life--eternal life.

Bible students and commentators debate who said vv. 16-21. New English Bible; NIV; King James Version; New American Standard have these as Jesus' words. Revised Standard Bible has these words as John's commentary. We take these as Jesus' words.

These words contain the heart of the Gospel message. Jesus has come to save people, however, the consequence of His coming for those who refuse Him, is judgement.

3:14 See Numbers 21:4-9. In using this event from the Old Testament Jesus is referring to His crucifixion.

[3] John the Baptist steps down 3:22-36

For a while Jesus’ ministry overlaps with John's and Jesus draws the bigger crowds. John's reaction, in a situation which goes very much against the human grain, is absolutely right. He allows no trace of bitterness or jealousy to sour his gladness at Jesus' God-given success.

3:31-36 Debate continues whether this is the Baptist's words or the apostle's comment.

3:24 See also Mark 6:17-20. The writer here as elsewhere assumes that his readers know the basic facts.

John 4:1-42 "Samaria: The Woman At The Well"

Jesus chooses the short route from Jerusalem to Galilee which takes Him through Samaria--normally avoided by the Jews. For over 700 years of religious and racial prejudice separated the Hew from the Samaritan.

Consider this Jewish prayer. "Blessed are Thou O Lord...who hast not made me a woman" and once can understand this Samaritan woman's surprise (vs.9) when Jesus talks to her!

Tired and thirsty though He is, He can never ignore human * need. As the conversation develops He makes it clear that the woman's need is spiritual rather than physical (:7-15), moral rather than "theological" (16-26).

As a result of this seemingly insignificant encounter, many others believe. Some through the woman’s testimony, more through Jesus' own words.

4:20 For the Samaritan, Mt. Gerizim was the center of worship. For the Jew it was Jerusalem. Jesus says that the place is unimportant. What matters is that
worship should be genuine and spiritual.

John 4:43-54 "Galilee: Healing Of The Official's Son"

This is the second of the signs recorded by John. Jesus never performed miracles simply to impress. They were intended as here (vs.53) to lead to faith. John's purpose in recording them is precisely the same.

4:44 Jesus was speaking about Nazareth (Mark 6:1-6). John may be giving the words a wider reference, a lack of response in Judea.

John 5 "Jerusalem Again"

[1] Trouble over healing on the sabbath John 5:1-18

This is the third sign which John gives to show us that Jesus is God's Son.

Jesus clashed with the religious authorities a number of times over healing on the sabbath (Mark 3:1-6; Luke 13;10-17; 14:1-6; John 9). it was not the general principle of the sabbath that Jesus disagreed with (Jesus regularly attended the synagogue) bur it was the petty restrictions imposed by the religious authorities, which often worked against God's purpose in giving man a weekly day of rest.

Here the Jews attack Him on two counts:

(a) Sabbath breaking
(b) Blasphemy

Because He puts His own work on the same level as God's (vs.17) the leaders want to have Jesus killed.

The point which Jesus makes is that God's activity in the world did not finish with the creation.

[2] The claims of Jesus John 5:19-47

The Jews were right. .Jesus was making Himself God's equal (vs.18) This though did not mean setting Himself up as an independent authority (vs.l9).

In this passage alone Jesus claims to have...

A man who makes these claims must be "mad, bad, or God." What support can he give them? Here are the following points to consider...

John 6 "Galilee"

[1] Food for 5,000; Jesus walks on the lake 6:1-21

These are the fourth and fifth signs. The events stand out clearly in John's mind. He remembers which disciples replied to Jesus' questions; He recalls the lad; He remembers how far they had rowed from shore when they saw Jesus.

John's death casts a shadow. Jesus is desperately tired and hard-pressed. Yet instead of being annoyed or irritable with the pursuing crowds, His heart goes out to them.

Needless to say they did not have this kind of money. The denarius was a working man’s wage for a day - this would be over six month's wages.

It was some time between 3 a.m. and 6 a.m. Again, it is the disciples' need that calls out Jesus' love. And again He demonstrates His supreme power over creation; He is the Lord of wind and water.

[2] The crowd tracks Jesus down; Christ; the bread of life 6:22-59

The crowd is all in favor of a Messiah who can provide free meals for the asking (vv.26, 34). No one can live without food. But life is more than physical existence (vs.27). Jesus comes to provide bread for the spiritually starving. He is the giver and the gift itself.

He is the bread of the new life; the one on whom we depend entirely for existence. And the bread we feed on- the source of life for us- is His death (v.51).

Because sin has placed us under God's sentence of death, we live only because of Christ's death on our behalf. We know life only as we make His death and all it means our own. The forgiveness His death has bought is the meat and drink of Christian living. Each one of us must receive it for Himself (vv.52-58). The Lord’s Supper proclaims this same fact in visual terms. (See Matthew 26:26-28)

6:31 Manna See Exodus 16 and Deuteronomy 8:3

[3] Reaction 6:60-71

Those who put a crudely literal interpretation of Jesus' words were disgusted. The law forbade the drinking of blood. Meat had to be specially butchered to meet the law's requirements, yet had they bothered to think back to the reason for the rule they would have understood.

Leviticus 17:11 says, "It is the blood that makes atonement, by reason of the life." Jesus is saying, "I am atoning for your sins' avail yourselves of My sacrifice."

The crowd turns away--they do not want this sort of Messiah. But the Twelve remain in growing faith.

John 7-10:21 "To Jerusalem For the Feast Of Tabernacles"

[1] Danger John 7:1-13

The last time Jesus visited Jerusalem there was trouble. It ended in a plot against His life (chapter 5). This time Jesus avoids publicity.

7:2 Tabernacles September/October the 8 day Jewish harvest festival, commemorating the nation's desert wanderings.

7:8 Not going Some manuscripts add the word "yet" showing that Jesus did not intend to mislead. He waited for the opportune moment and then seized it.

[2] Jesus’ message gets a mixed reception John 7:14-52

As opposition mounts, individuals take sides. Jesus' teaching (vs.40) and His miracles (vs.31) convince some. Others raise difficulties (vs.27, 41-42)

But no one who genuinely wants to do God's will is left in doubt (vs.17). Jesus draws His imagery from the ceremony appointed for each day of the festival. When water from the Pool of Siloam was offered to God is one such example. Jesus is a bubbling spring, reviving and transforming the thirsty human heart.

7:35 dispersion The Jewish communities abroad.

7:42 They can not have heard the story of Jesus birth. The Old Testament reference is Micah 5:2

[3] The woman guilty of adultery John 7:53-8:11

Although this story is quite genuine, it is uncertain where exactly in the life of Jesus this story took place. Some have suggested that it fits better and the end of John's Gospel while others place it after Luke 21:38.

The lawyers were trying to trap Jesus. They intended to put him either into contradiction the Mosaic law, or into falling foul of the Roman authorities, who did not allow Jews to carry out a death sentence. But Jesus did neither nor did He condemn, or condone, the woman's conduct. He gave her a second chance.

Question: What was it that Jesus wrote in the sand?

[4] Jesus, the light of the world John 8:12-59

Jesus again uses one of the ceremonies of the feast to explain his own mission.

At dusk they lit four great golden candelabra to symbolize the pillar of fire by which God guided his people through the desert by night (Exodus 13:21). Jesus lights the way through life for all who follow Him. He strengthens his claim to be, in a unique sense, God’s Son (cf. John 5:19-47)

8:12-30 Unlike the rest of us, He knows where He comes from and where He is going. He knows the future. The Jewish people have their origin and ancestry
in this world, not Jesus.

8:31-47 Other men are held in the grip of sin. Jesus is free, and has the power to free others of sin.

8:48-59 Jesus asserts His control over death and the eternal destinies of men. Only God has these powers.

[5] The blind man sees; the sighted shut their eyes John 9

Jesus really is the light of the world. This sixth sign makes that plain. It also gives us some insight into the problem of human suffering...

Here the man's blindness leads to an encounter with Jesus. His eyes were open and he saw (vs.17). His mind was opened and he believed (vv.35-37)/ By contrast, the sighted man allow prejudice and pride to blind them to the truth (vv.40-41).

Confronted by the miracle, all they can see is a broken rule (vs.16). Their minds are closed. They will not listen to the simple logic of the man in the street (vv.30-34).

9:6 Jesus uses the methods of popular medicine (siliva was thought to have healing powers and properties). But the method is not the important thing. What
counts is the man's faith, demonstrated by His ready obedience (vs.7)

9:7 sent Because the water was channeled from another source.

9:22 Anyone who followed Christ faced excommunication.

[6] Jesus, the good shepherd John 10:1-21

This passage follows straight on from chapter 9. The shepherd was a familiar figure in Palestine. He kept much of his life with the flock. His own sheep knew and responded to his voice. He lead (not drove) them to fresh grazing and guarded them from wild animals by lying across the entrance to the sheepfold at night, so becoming its door.

In the Old Testament God is often called the shepherd of Israel. His chosen leaders are also the nation's "shepherds." Now Jesus chooses to describe Himself as the true shepherd.

The phrase sums up so much; the close, personal relationship between Himself and each of His followers; the absolute security we have in Him; His leadership and guidance; His constant company; His unfailing care; his sacrificial love.

10:16 Jesus' concern goes out beyond the Jewish nation to the waiting world. Jew and non-Jew, slave and free man, man and woman, all are one flock (see
Galatians 3:28)

John 10:22-42 "Jerusalem: The Feast of Dedication"

This eight-day festival of light-took place in December. It commemorated the great Jewish victory under the Maccabees and the rededication of the desecrated temple.

The Jews remain in suspense because they will not believe (vv.24-26)

They are ready to stone Jesus as a man making Himself out to be God (vs.33) but they have it back to front! Jesus is not man made God, but God made man (vs.30).

John 11 "Lazarus Returns From the Dead; Jesus, The Resurrection & The Life"

This is the seventh and last sign! Lazarus' death is permitted for the same reason as the man's blindness (4 and 9:3).

Time and again we see how Jesus' miracles back up the claims he made. No wonder He so often referred His critics to the work he was doing. He claims He can give men new spiritual life. What clearer assurance that this is so than Lazarus' return from the dead after four days in the grave?

So we too can take Him at His word. Neither the disciples nor the two sisters could understand Jesus' behavior. But the results for all of them were renewed trust in Him (15, 27, 42). The event is decisive--for faith and life on the one hand (vs.45) for hatred and death on the other (vs.53).

11:16 Thomas see John 20:24-29

11:50 The high priest's words took on a significance he never dreamed of.

John 12 "Final Days of public teaching in Jerusalem"

[1] Mary’s precious flask of perfume John 12:1-8

Perhaps intuitively sensing the tragedy ahead, Mary pours out the precious perfumed oil in a lavish, extravagant gesture of affection.

Again, a working man's wage was to earn one denarius a day. This luxury import was worth nearly a year's wages.

John places this event some days earlier and tells us the unpleasant truth about Judas' embezzlement of the funds. In Luke 7:36-50 the occasion is similar, but the woman concerned different.

[2] The plot to kill Lazarus John 12:9-11

[3] Jesus rides in triumph into Jerusalem John 12:12-19

12:13 Branches of palms This was a symbol of victory.

[4] The Greeks search Jesus out John 12:20-36a

The arrival of the Greek converts brings Jesus face to face with His destiny. The time has come for Him to buy life for mankind with His own death.

Verses 20-36 and 44-50 record His last public statement! It is full of paradox; life through death; glory through the ignominy of the cross; the world judged in the execution of judgment.

12:25 Jesus is not advocating a death wish. But love for Him and concern for eternal things must far outweigh all selfish, material concerns.

[5] Jesus steps out of the limelight John 12:36b-50

12:36b-43 At the end of Jesus public ministry and despite all His miracles the Jews remained unconvinced. Many of those who did believe were too afraid to
say so openly.

12:44-50 It matters how each of us reacts to Christ. Because He comes on God's authority; it is all important whether we believe in Him or not.

12:40 God never hardens the heart of someone willing to respond. But in the end, if we choose to be blind and persistently reject His truth, He lets us become
immune to it.

John 13-17:26 "Jesus' Last Words To The Twelve"

[1] Jesus washes the disciples' feet John 13:1-20

The occasion is the Last Supper (see also Matthew 26:14-29) The disciples have been arguing over who is the greatest (Luke 22;24).

Jesus gives them the answer in this simple action. The Savior conscious of who he is and in His love for men, has willingly made Himself their slave (Luke 22:27). His followers must do the same.

[2] Judas, the traitor John 13:21-30

Judas has already volunteered to help the priests make a secret arrest (Luke 22;3-6). Now the moment has come.

The rest of the disciples have no idea of what is afoot. But Jesus knows. "It was night" quite literally. But light and darkness acquire a special meaning in this Gospel (1:4-9)

These were Jesus' darkest hours, but nothing could extinguish the light of His life (1:5). Judas, by contrast, stepped from the light into darkness so intense it destroyed him (3:19-20; Matthew 27:3-5)

13:23 Most probably John himself; see introduction.

[3] The command to love one another; Jesus predicts Peter's fall John 13:31-38

The prospect of death on the cross, cut off from His Father by the colossal burden of the world's sin appalled Jesus (Luke 22;42-44).

Yet because of all it would achieve, He could describe it in terms of triumph and glory. It was His love for others that took Him there. And it is love of this same caliber He looks for in His followers.

[4] Jesus reassures his disciples "I am the Way, the Truth and the Life" John 14

The disciples are worried and upset by the talk of betrayal and the thought of Jesus leaving them. Jesus Himself is concerned at the effect His death will have on them all. And so, he tries to get them to understand why it has to happen.

His death means His return to the Father (vs.12,28). He is making the approach-road for men to come to God (vs.6) He is going to get a permanent home ready for His disciples, and in due course He will come for them (vv.2-3).

Meanwhile His return to God will be to their good: it will bring new power in action, new certainty in prayer (12, 14). Best of all, the Holy Spirit will come to be with them always and everywhere (not limited by a physical body as Jesus has been).

He will teach and counsel and bring to mind all that Jesus has said (16-17, 26).And Jesus' own unshakable peace will be theirs (vs.27)

For their part, the disciples must continue to love and trust Him (vs.1) And the way to show their love is to do all that He says (vv.15,21,23)

[5] Jesus, the true vine; opposition; the promise of the Holy Spirit. John 15-16

The conversation continues as they make their way to Gethsemane (14:31). There is not much time left...

A. 15:1-17 In the Old Testament, Israel is the vine - so often failing to yield fruit (cf. Galations 5:22-23). But Jesus was the true vine, the fulfillment of God’s purpose where Israel had failed. Those who believe in him are branches.

Every branch of a vine grows directly from the main "stock." When they are cut back, branches which have borne fruit are pruned to within an inch or two of the stock. They then "abide" in the stock for most of the year as it grows round them. Then the branches grow out rapidly to bear fruit again.

Branches which have not borne fruit at all are cut right back, and are fit only for burning.

B. 15:18-16:4a Those who belong to Christ will inevitably encounter the hatred of self-centered humanity just as Christ himself did. They will even be hounded by men who (like Paul) consider themselves to be doing God a service.

C. 16:4b-15 Jesus' going means the coming of the Holy Spirit to convict men of the truth and lead them into deeper understanding of it.

D. 16:16-33 At Christ’s death there will be grief, but only for a little while. With the resurrection will come lasting joy and rejoicing.

[6] Jesus' prayer; for Himself and for His followers John 17

Jesus has accomplished all He set out to do during his lifetime. he has passed God's message on. He has made God known. Now there remains only death, and beyond it the glory He renounced in becoming a man.

But His followers will be left bereft in a hostile world. So He prays that God will protect them; that their lives may be shaped by the truth of God's word; that they may display such unity among themselves that the world will be shaken out of its disbelief; and that they may, in the end, go to be with Him and see His glory for themselves.

17:12 This reference is to Judas.

John 18-21 "Trial, Death and Resurrection"

[1] The betrayal and arrest John 18:1-12

This is found also in Matthew 26:30-56; Mark 14:26-53; Luke 22:39-53.

John omits Jesus' prayer in the garden. But he tells us the name of the slave, and that the swordsman was Peter.

[2] Jesus before Annas and Caiaphas; Peter's denial; Jesus before Pilate John 18:13--19:16
See also Mark 15:53-15:15; Luke 22:54-23:31; Matthew 26:57-27:26

The detail John fills in shows hs close knowledge of what happened - the cold night; the charcoal fire (18:18); the blow to the prisoner (18:22); Jewish religious scruples over entering the Roman’s house at such a time (18:28); the exchanges between Jesus and Pilate, and Pilate and the Jews; the terrible national apostasy as God's people declare they have no king by Caesar.

19:14 Unlike the other Gospel writers, John probably uses Roman time, counting as we do from midnight. Unless, as some believe, John dates the Passover
one day later than the other Gospel writers (see Mark 14:12) the reference here is to the preparation for the sabbath of Passover week. (19:31)

[3] The crucifixion John 19:17-37

Again John shows his vivid recollection of events-the details of the inscription (20-22); the seamless tunic (23-24): the moment when Jesus entrusted His mother to John's care (26-270; the incontrovertible evidence of Jesus' death (34).

19:31 Jewish law said that the bodies of criminals must not be left hanging after sunset (Deuteronomy 21:23)

19:34 John is implying more than that Jesus was without question dead. As a Jew, he could not help seeing special significance in the flow of blood (for
sacrifice) and water (for cleansing). The blood atones for man's sin, the water gives him a clean, new start. Jesus' death brings us forgiveness and new

[4] Burial John 19:28-42

The death of Jesus brings two secret disciples out into the open. Only John mentions the part played by Nicodemus (3:1-15)

[5] The resurrection; Jesus appears to the disciples in Jerusalem John 20

John gives his own personal account of what happened, what he heard and saw for himself and what he learnt from Mary Magdalene.

Thomas the realist’s momentous declaration of faith "My Lord and My God!" is the climax of the whole Gospel. John's purpose in writing is to bring men to just such assured and clear-cut belief in Jesus.

[6] Jesus appears again in Galilee John 21

Only John tells how Jesus came to the seven of them as they were fishing, just as in the old days. John was there. He remembers how many fish they caught, and their surprise and relief at finding the net intact. he remembers how Jesus gave Peter the chance to cancel out his three-fold denial with the three-times repeated question ''Do you love Me?'' how he restored Peter to his old place as leader, and gave him the task of caring for his people. He remembers Peter's question about his own destiny- and sets the record straight.

Having remembered it all, he closes his Gospel with an affirmation of the truth of what he has written.

21:18 A prediction of Peter’s death - stretched out on a cross, like his Savior.

This concludes our study in the Gospel of John.


Eerdmans’ Concise Bible Handbook – An illustrated book-by-book guide to the Bible Wm. B. Erdmans Publishing Co and Lion Publishing 1973 pp. 303-310